CHAPTER D

 

PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN SMALL-SCALE COMBINED HEAT AND POWER STATIONS FOR THE SELF-SUFFICIENT PRODUCTION OF PROCESS HEATING/COOLING AND ELECTRIC CURRENT, SUPPLYING ELECTRIC CURRENT SURPLUS TO THE COMMUNAL GRID DURING PEAK LOAD PERIOD
   

The Objectives

It should be studied whether a small-scale combined heat and power station (gas or oil fired and driven by a motor or a micro-turbine) providing energy to a medium-sized business in Odessa requiring continued heating and/or cooling could be established in a way that it is economically feasible. The waste heat of such stations normally is sufficient to drive a generator of electric current more powerful than is needed by the business requiring heating and/or cooling. This might permit a positive side-effect of such non-central stations: possibly to ease electricity shortage at the City level through supplying electric current surplus to the communal grid. Maybe the contribution of investing and running such a station to the gross domestic product is higher than the corresponding loss of GDP due to the reduction of receipts of the central communal energy provider after having lost the former customer.

Whenever this is the case, it is then efficient to reduce central power production and to increase non-central power production at appropriate locations/businesses under appropriate conditions. To find such locations /businesses and to identify those conditions is the objective of this part of the student project.
A search will be made to find enterprises which urgently need a reliable source of self-sufficient energy provision and which are also in a position to pay for this, if their earnings increase due to guaranteed energy provision by themselves directly (e. g. manufacturing enterprises, such as breweries, slaughter-houses and suchlike, maybe also businesses offering attractive consumption services including care for and/or recreation of higher income groups, e. g. sanatoria or sport facilities combined with private schools and suchlike).


Results
  • It should be found out in which buildings such an economic project could be economically feasible and what requirements need to be fulfilled (e.g., the non-bureaucratic issue of permits to draw energy from non-central power plants, legal and technically feasible instruments to cope with the risks of this commercial activity).
 
  • Feasibility study for investment by medium-sized enterprises in small-scale combined heat-and-power-stations (technically, economically, and with regard to administrative permissions and commercial guarantees to get reliable interconnections with the City's energy networks for natural gas and electricity).
  • Increased knowledge of factors constituting chances for and/or risks of restricting such investments; insights into the instruments of the City of Odessa to support such investments, being able to cope with the risks prevailing at present.
 
summery of the results
 

Participants

Students from Vienna
  • GEISS Marc (Mechanical Engineering with supplementary Economics, Vienna University of Technology)
  • HOMA Johannes (Mechanical Engineering with supplementary Economics, Vienna University of Technology)
  • KARLHUBER-VÖCKL Lisa (Urban and Regional Planning, Vienna University of Technology)
  • LAMPL Harald (Urban and Regional Planning, Vienna University of Technology)
  • LUTZ Melanie (Urban and Regional Planning, Vienna University of Technology)
  • TRETTER Herbert (Mechanical Engineering with supplementary Economics, Vienna University of Technology)
Students from Odessa
  • KRIZHANOVSKIJ Evgenij (Energy supply and management, Odessa State Polytechnic University)
  • LOZINSKIY Dmitry (Energy supply and management, Odessa State Polytechnic University)
Advisers
  • BIERMAYR Peter (Institute of Energy Economics, Vienna University of Technology)
  • FASSBENDER Stephan (Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy, Vienna University of Technology)
  • FOMICHEV Evgeny (Odessa State Polytechnic University)
  • KOTENKO Valentin Ivanovich (Odessa State Academy of Construction and Architecture)
  • MEWIS Jürgen (Director of PM Odessa Consulting)
  • SCHÖNBÄCK Wilfried (Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy)
more about chapter A
 
more about chapter B
 
more about chapter C
 
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