CHAPTER C

 

URBAN RENEWAL: TECHNICAL, SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND LEGAL APPROACHES TO THE RESTORATION OF APARTMENT BLOCKS WITH BUSINESS PREMISES

   

The Objectives

The old centre of Odessa is decaying. Almost 100 buildings have been closed because they are in such a ruinous state that they cannot be restored. Besides the economic crisis in this country, constructional, legal, social and political factors play a major role.
The objective of this field of study is to find out what measures are necessary so that the apartment blocks may be restored and that the initiative for this proceeds from the businessmen, tradesmen and inhabitants using them. It is to be documented with what available instruments the city administration is able to encourage and to direct / control urban development, and why these instruments are not so effective. Then it should be shown by what kind of "restoration contracts" the trust between the participants in a new process of project developments may be increased and secured, and thus allow the forces of self-organisation to be mobilised.

 

Results

It will be attempted to work out the basic features of a new kind of interplay of forces between the setting of norms (ban on the demolition of culturally valuable buildings, non-bureaucratic issue of permits for new economic activities in restored buildings, possibly also tax incentives to encourage investments, etc.) and private economic initiatives to restore apartment blocks with business premises. An actual "test block" should be the focus of this investigation. From the experience gained during the study work in the test block, the necessary basic features of a law should be described, which would possibly encourage this kind of urban renewal.

   
summery of the results
   

Participants

Students from Vienna

  • NADERER Michaela (Urban and Regional Planning, Vienna University of Technology)
  • SCHWARZ SANDRA (Urban and Regional Planning, Vienna University of Technology)
  • GAISBERGER ANDREAS (Building Construction and Industrial Building, Vienna University of Technology)
  • VOLLGRUBER OLIVER (Building Construction and Industrial Building, Vienna University of Technology)

Students from Odessa

  • ZELYENSKAYA Julia (Student of Law, Odessa Law Academy)
  • NIKOLAYUK Vladyslav (Student of Civil Engineering, Odessa State Academy of Construction and Architecture)
  • ALEXANDROVICH Dmitriy (Student of Civil Engineering, Odessa State Academy of Construction and Architecture)

Advisers

  • BLAAS Wolfgang (Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy, Vienna University of Technology)
  • LISSENKO Vadim A. (Odessa State Academy of Construction and Architecture)
  • SCHÖNBÄCK Wilfried (Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy, Vienna University of Technology)

Further co-workers

  • OPPOLZER Gerlinde (Institute of Public Finance and Infrastructure Policy, Vienna University of Technology)
  • SADJADI Ninel J. (Center of Legal Competence, Project Manager Research)
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